Decision-making about life-sustaining treatment by a person who has capacity (and can decide what treatment to accept or refuse) is less complex than for a person who has lost capacity (this is known as impaired capacity). Where a person has impaired capacity and there is no Advance Care Directive, a substitute decision-maker will be required to make the treatment decision.
The following pages explore Australia's laws relating to:
- substitute decision-making for adults
- withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment from adults
- futile or non-beneficial treatment
- emergency medical treatment
- children and end of life decision-making.
Australia’s laws on Capacity and consent to medical treatment are discussed here.
- Australian Capital Territory
- New South Wales
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Western Australia